An Evaluation of the Role and Performance of NGOs in Community-Based Ecotourism at Ulu Geroh, Gopeng, Malaysia

Ghasemi, Moslem and Hamzah, Amran (2011) An Evaluation of the Role and Performance of NGOs in Community-Based Ecotourism at Ulu Geroh, Gopeng, Malaysia. Working Paper. Centre for Innovative Planning and Development.


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Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have become influential development agents in the developing world in recent decades through their so-called “sustainable” activities. Many NGOs have been participating in ecotourism development with their own agenda, especially where tourism is linked with local communities and the environment. Community-Based Ecotourism (CBET) is distinguished from other forms of tourism as it considers not only economic but also social and environmental goals. The hypothesis of this study is that NGOs involved in CBET projects concentrate more on environmental conservation rather than empowerment of local community. As such, the aim of the study is to evaluate the performance of NGOs in implementing CBET projects in the Orang Asli community at Ulu Geroh, Gopeng. The focus of this research is to address this gap in the development literature and also in practice by conducting a comprehensive study of the success and shortcomings of the Malaysian Nature Society (MNS) at Ulu Geroh using the triangulation method. Based on literature review, 63 tentative CBET variables under 6 main criteria were established. The Delphi technique was then employed to solicit expert opinion on the most essential variables for CBET to succeed. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was subsequently applied to rank the 6 main CBET criteria. The Delphi panel then reached a consensus on the most important variables after 3 rounds of evaluation. Finally the 63 original variables were narrowed down to 42 variables. The preliminary findings from the field work validate the basic hypothesis of the study and show that local community‟s economic and social empowerment have been restricted, while environmental conservation have been given greater emphasis.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community-Based Ecotourism (CBET), Non-Governmental Organization (NGO), community-based ecotourism variables, Delphi technique, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Tourism Planning
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 05:44
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 05:44

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