Configuration or Attractors? A Space Syntactic Inquiry Into Tourists’ Movement Flow Pattern in The Melaka World Heritage Site

Ismail, Hairul Nizam and Chau, Loon Wai and Rahman, Jannahtul `Izzati (2010) Configuration or Attractors? A Space Syntactic Inquiry Into Tourists’ Movement Flow Pattern in The Melaka World Heritage Site. Working Paper. Centre for Innovative Planning and Development.

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Abstract

This paper reports on the findings of a research on tourists‟ movement patterns in Melaka World Heritage site. The study used a new approach that is based on the „spatial configuration analysis‟ and „gate count survey method‟ as established by the field of Space Syntax. It is aim to identify and explains the pattern of tourists‟ movement in the selected study area either their flow are actually influenced by the factor of „configuration‟ or „attractors‟. The issue is raised from the critics towards existing tourist typologies which has been claimed as too simplified in details about how the tourist actually behave in terms of their movement. Since there are limited number of observation methods applied in tourism analysis (tourist flow and movement in particular), Space Syntax field provide an opportunity for the researcher to have better understanding of tourist typologies within the context of tourism and urban development discipline. According to many urban researchers, a different type of city means that they have different type of movement. However, it is also believed that although if they are different, the most integrated line or street of the city (or potential route of tourist flow) should also pass through the integration core (centrality of the city). The area can be categorised as geographical centre. This lead into further inquiries whether similar criteria may also appears to the tourists‟ movement in the city of developing country such as Melaka City which is known as the oldest city in Malaysia. It is due to the emergence of city in developing country that might expand completely different from „organic cities‟ such as the Western medieval cities and Islamic traditional cities. As the centrality of a city had experience a shift from ancient urban core to new development area, the question roses if such shifting of centrality may affects tourists‟ movement? Or does it only affect the activities done by local people? The findings reveal that tourists‟ movement pattern in Melaka World Heritage Site is most probably attractor-based in both local and global structure of the city. Secondly, though the integration core of the study area is not in the heritage core and thus, it seems not significantly to affect the tourists‟ flow pattern. Interestingly, the findings reveals that line with high integration values (the most integrated 2 line in the system) as identified by Space Syntax which usually have a greater probability to attract more movement in it is insignificantly affecting the movement pattern or functioning as a primary source of movement in the study area. Where tourism aspects is concern, it was clear that tourists‟ movement pattern in Melaka World Heritage site is most likely influenced by secondary elements (such as location of the accommodation and food outlet) rather than primary elements (the attraction itself).

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Tourism Planning
Faculty of Built Environment > Urban and Regional Planning
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 05:44
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 05:44
URI: http://epublication.fab.utm.my/id/eprint/82

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