Influence of housing development designs on household vehicle miles traveled: a case of Iskandar Malaysia

Majid, Mohammad Rafee and Nordin, Alia Nurashikin and Medugu, Nasir Idris (2014) Influence of housing development designs on household vehicle miles traveled: a case of Iskandar Malaysia. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 33. pp. 63-73.

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2014.09.001

Abstract

Demand for housing in Malaysia grew noticeably in 1960s and expanded rapidly in the late 1980s and beyond as a result of rapid urbanization. The same scenario repeats itself in Iskandar Malaysia, a southern development corridor located in Johor, Malaysia where close to three hundred housing developments have been launched from pre-1980s to 2000s. These housing developments are believed to have undergone a layout design evolution affecting land use distribution, road network design, density and many other neighborhood metrics. Thus, this study investigates the impact of housing development designs on vehicle miles traveled (VMT) as they evolve over the decades. Evolution in layout design is discussed in terms of the 4Ds of urban form factors: density, diversity, design (street connectivity and intersection density) and destination accessibility (proximity). Twenty four housing areas developed within decades of pre-1980s to the 2000s were selected and travel diaries of their randomly selected households were recorded. The results obtained show that urban form and demographic factors explain almost 87% of the variances in household VMT and the three main design factors influencing VMT are housing density, proximity index (destination accessibility) and diversity index. The findings of the study show that there is a decreasing trend in density, (land use) diversity, connectivity and destination accessibility of the housing areas. While the results obtained confirm the prevalent theory on the relationship between neighborhood design and VMT, unfortunately for the study area the average VMT has been increasing with the recent housing areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vehicle miles traveled (VMT); Neighborhood design; Iskandar Malaysia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Planning-Housing
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2016 08:42
URI: http://epublication.fab.utm.my/id/eprint/575

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