A Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) for Sustainable Tourism Planning in Johor Ramsar Sites, Malaysia

Aminu, Mansir and Muhamad Ludin, Ahmad Nazri and Matori, Abdul-Nassir and Wan Yusof, Khamaruzaman and Dano, Lawal Umar and Chandio, Imtiaz Ahmed (2013) A Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) for Sustainable Tourism Planning in Johor Ramsar Sites, Malaysia. Environmental Earth Sciences, 70 (3). pp. 1113-1124. ISSN 1866-6280

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012-2198-6

Abstract

The need for a sustainable approach in tourism development is very often addressed among the academia, the authorities and the stakeholders, as well as the apparent need for tools, which will guide the decision environment in evaluation and planning. This research aims to identify conservation and compatible areas for tourism development in Johor Ramsar sites, using spatial modeling in geographic information system (GIS). The study describes a methodological approach based on the integrated use of GIS and multi criteria decision evaluation (MCE) to identify nature conservation and development priorities among the wetland areas. A set of criteria was defined to evaluate wetland biodiversity conservation and development. Having defined the criteria, the next step was selecting suitable indicators and variables to measure the selected criteria. Subsequently the criteria were evaluated from conservation and tourism development point of view. These criteria were then weighted using the pair wise comparison technique of MCE and the results were integrated into GIS. Several conservation scenarios were generated so as to simulate different evaluation perspectives. The scenarios were then compared to highlight the most feasible and to propose a conservation and development strategy for the wetland areas. The generation and comparison of conservation and development scenarios highlighted the critical issues of the decision problem. This study represents an important contribution to effective decision-making because it allows one to gradually narrow down a problem.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geographic information system (GIS); Multi criteria evaluation (MCE); Sustainable tourism; Wetland evaluation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Tourism Planning
Faculty of Built Environment > Urban and Regional Planning
Depositing User: Norazreen Ismail
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2014 02:18
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2014 02:18
URI: http://epublication.fab.utm.my/id/eprint/515

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