A Comprehensive Approach to Drought and Desertification in Nigeria: A Brief Evaluation of Government Policies

Medugu, Nasir Idris and Majid, Mohammad Rafee and Choji, I. D. (2008) A Comprehensive Approach to Drought and Desertification in Nigeria: A Brief Evaluation of Government Policies. Management of Environmental Quality, 19 (6). pp. 690-704. ISSN 1477-7835

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14777830810904911

Abstract

Purpose – The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate current government policies in combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought. This paper discusses the menace of desertification, the extent and the impact of drought in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach – The research reported in this paper was undertaken through review of existing literature, personal observations and interview with some of the residents in the affected areas as well as government officials in charge of programs in combating desertification. Findings – The paper observes that the failure of current government policies include among others the top‐down approach, inconsistencies of government policies, neglect of indigenous knowledge, use of inappropriate technology, sectoral approach, inadequate funding, and inadequate awareness. Having identified the causes of the problem, this paper proposes that the national policy for drought and desertification should ensure sustainable development based on proper management of human‐environment interactions in the affected areas. Practical implications – The evaluation method performed in this paper allows us to analyze the factors responsible for the failure of government policies in combating desertification in Nigeria. This paper suggests that a number of complementary policies, strategies and management approaches be put in place and such must take cognizance of the existing institutional settings and professional groupings as well as the complex historical, social, cultural, and legal considerations. Originality/value – The paper provides a rational, holistic, practicable and comprehensive approach for finding solutions to the problems of drought and desertification in Nigeria.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deserts; Government policy; Handforms; Nigeria
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Urban and Regional Planning
Depositing User: Norazreen Ismail
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2014 01:24
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2014 01:35
URI: http://epublication.fab.utm.my/id/eprint/510

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