Text Animation or Knowledge Engineering?: Two Approaches to Expert System Design in Urban Planning

Webster, Chris J. and Ho, Chin Siong and Wislocki, T. (1991) Text Animation or Knowledge Engineering?: Two Approaches to Expert System Design in Urban Planning. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 15 (3). pp. 151-164. ISSN 0198-9715

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0198-9715(91)90005-X

Abstract

Applications of expert system technology in the urban planning domain range in complexity from the relatively simple task of representing existing manually held knowledge bases within a single shell, to complex exercises in knowledge elicitation and modelling within a multi-system environment. We suggest that the complexity of expert system construction relates to the nature of the knowledge to be contained within the system. In particular, it depends on the degree to which knowledge is preprocessed and on the mix of knowledge types. After reviewing the concepts of knowledge, the knowledge base and knowledge capture with respect to urban planning subject matter, two contrasting systems are examined which illustrate this range of approaches. The first can be thought of as a text animation system since its expertise lies essentially in the ability to navigate a complex document in a way that the professional planner might. The second represents the more protracted exercise of capturing and modelling human expertise and involves the merging of GIS and expert system technologies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Expert Systems - Knowledge Bases; Information Retrieval Systems, Knowledge Acquisition; Knowledge Capture; Text Animation; Urban Planning Knowledge, Urban Planning
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Urban and Regional Planning
Depositing User: Norazreen Ismail
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 08:02
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2014 08:02
URI: http://epublication.fab.utm.my/id/eprint/502

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