How Urban Green Space Design Affects Urban Residents’ Social Interaction

Jamirsah, Nurzuliza (2012) How Urban Green Space Design Affects Urban Residents’ Social Interaction. In: 7th Singapore Graduate Forum On Southeast Asia Studies 2012, 16 – 20th July 2012, Asia Research Institute, National University Of Singapore.


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Malaysia is currently developing into an urbanized country and its severe loss and degradation of urban green space could adversely affect ecosystems as well as human social pattern. Inasmuch, deteriorating social bonding could be detrimental to the social relationship within the community. It is believed that outdoor space such as green area is as important as indoor space such as at home in order to enhance social interactions and improve human well-being. Consequently, social demands for urban green spaces are increasing. This is supported by plethora of studies which have pointed out that urban green spaces can be as a resource in promoting public health to urban residents (James et al., 2009). However, Malaysia’s current condition of common urban green space does not promote social interaction among urban residents. Hence, the aim of this paper is to discover which green space designs that could contribute to factors affecting the degree of social interaction among new township residents. This research attempts to examine the physical qualities of a green space environment and the social behaviour they bring out of new township residents. This paper focuses in particular on Johor Bahru’s green spaces of the new township areas. The study was conducted in July 2011 at Mutiara Rini Urban Forest and Bukit Indah Town Park, Johor Bahru, Malaysia. This quantitative research is based on 172 distributed survey questionnaires, and behavioural mappings of the respondents. Based on the findings, about 79.7% of the respondents are likely to meet strangers in the green spaces. The findings indicate that both green space types and design elements have an effect on residents’ social interaction. The green space elements which have been identified that afford such social interactions are the diversity of subspaces, vegetation density, animal populations, undulating landforms and water bodies. Thus, green space is believed to foster social interactions by offering plentiful landscape elements in a varied space.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 05:57
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 05:57

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