Methods for Evaluating Responses of Children with Outdoor Environments

Rezasoltani, Monsoureh and Said, Ismail (2009) Methods for Evaluating Responses of Children with Outdoor Environments. In: 1st National Conference on Environment-Studies, 14th-15th November 2009, UiTM, Shah Alam.


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Articles on children’s environment during the past 26 years provide valuable insights into methods of evaluating outdoor environments. The paper presents a review of twenty studies on methods applied to elicit data of interaction of children in the environments. Generally, the methods can be categorized into two major types: visual and structured. The former comprises of behavioral mapping, photographing and observation which can be considered as qualitative. Inasmuch, the behavioral mapping is furthered divided into sketch, blank and mental maps. The structured method includes questionnaire, structured interviews and instruments which can be viewed as quantitative. Most significantly, many researchers prefer to use the structured method which can lead them to utilize numerical findings. In addition, it is easier for them to find and categorize the data, and to analyze the data using SPSS. However, combining the visual and structured methods allow a researcher to construct the validity and reliability of his or her research design. Applying one method, for example, behavioral mapping is not enough to elicit the behavioral responses and needs toward the environment. As such, adding another method such as questionnaire will permit new data on the children’s interaction with the environment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evaluating methods, children’s environment, outdoor environments, and children’s interaction
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 05:55
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 05:55

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