Affordances of Plants and Animals in Gardens for Children’s Performances

Said, Ismail and Shamsuddin, Mohd Suhaizan (2009) Affordances of Plants and Animals in Gardens for Children’s Performances. In: The 10th International Seminar on Environment and Architecture, 26th-27th October 2009, University of Sam Ratulangi, Manado.


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This study investigated the performances of children playing with plant and animals in home and neighborhood gardens. Physical and social performances of middle childhood children in outdoor environments influenced their sensorial and motoric developments. Sensorial and motoric actions involved scanning and manipulating plant and animals in their own imaginative and creativity ways. Ecological perceptual responses of 120 children, aged 6‐12, were elicited using a survey questionnaire and an interview in urban and rural outdoor environments. The purpose of the survey and interview was to measure children’s physical, cognitive and social performances with the plant and animals that lead to the amount and level of affordances of the outdoor elements experienced by the children. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 15, and it was found that the urban and rural children played actively in the outdoor. Spatially, rural children played in five areas: front yard, side yard, back yard, barn area and bushed area. On the other hand, urban children played in playground, street, abandoned spaces and nearby forest. The rural children perceived trees as element to perform symbolic and constructive plays utilizing branches, stick and twigs, fruits and seeds to construct play tools such as slingshot and tops. Slightly different, their urban counterparts performed less constructive play but equally understood the natural links between plant and animal and between animal and other animal. Inasmuch, the study found that rural outdoors afforded more functional significances for children to physically and socially engage with the elements of plant and animals.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Middle childhood children, affordances, plant and animals, functioning, gardens
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 05:49
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 05:49

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