Principal Orders in the Composition of Woodcarvings and its Layouts in Kelantan and Terengganu Traditional Houses

Kamarudin, Zumahiran and Said, Ismail (2009) Principal Orders in the Composition of Woodcarvings and its Layouts in Kelantan and Terengganu Traditional Houses. In: The 10th International Seminar on Environment and Architecture, 26th-27th October 2009, University of Sam Ratulangi, Manado.


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Woodcarving in Malay traditional houses of Kelantan and Terengganu, Malaysia, embraced distinctive visual composition and attributes in its unifying coexistence with several architectural components. This paper discusses certain ordering principles of visual composition prevalent in the various features of woodcarving and its layouts and configurations in the interior and exterior facades of the houses. An analytical study was conducted on nine Kelantan houses and seven Terengganu houses which were obtained from the Centre for the Study of Built Environment in the Malay World at the Department of Architecture in the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. The study involved visual descriptive and interpretative analyses on sixteen sets of carving measured drawings of the houses and this method was triangulated and validated with interpretations from five prominent woodcarvers on art and crafts of woodcarving, and supported by literatures of Malay woodcarving. The analysis revealed that there was an inherent order in the composition of carving elements which consist of motifs, patterns and design forms as manifested in several carved components including wall, door and window ventilation panels as well as roof, gate and railing panels. The compositional principles, namely symmetry, rhythm and repetition, variety, contrast, unity, focality were considered as regulating factors that determine the visual beauty of carving forms and its harmonious layouts that correspond to the vernacular values of the house architecture. These principles serve as indicative suggestion of skillfulness, logical thinking, ingenuity and wisdom in the traditional craftsmanship of woodcarving within a house fabrication.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Woodcarving, traditional house, vernacular architecture, compositional principles and craftsmanship
Divisions: Faculty of Built Environment > Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: FAB IR Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 05:48
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 05:48

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